Ministry of Railways : ER CELEBRATES BIRTH ANNIVERSARY OF LALA LAJPAT RAI - Songoti

Ministry of Railways : ER CELEBRATES BIRTH ANNIVERSARY OF LALA LAJPAT RAI

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Songoti : As part of 'Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav’, the Eastern Railway (ER) Headquarters celebrated the birth anniversary of Lala Lajpat Rai today. Shri Arun Arora, General Manager, ER, Shri Shekhar Ranjan Ghoshal Additional General Manager, ER, and other officers of the concerned Railway offered floral tribute to the portrait of Lala Lajpat Rai.

Lala Lajpat Rai (28 January 1865 - 17 November 1928) was an Indian author, revolutionary, and politician. He played a pivotal role In the Indian Independence movement. He was popularly known as Punjab Kesari. He was o­ne of the three members of the Lal Bal Pal trio. Rai was born in an Agarwal Jain family as a son of Urdu and Persian government school teacher Munshi Radha Krishna Agarwal and his wife Guiab Devi at Dhudike in Ludhiana district of Punjab Province.

In 1880, Lajpat Rai joined Government College at Lahore to study law, where he came in contact with patriots and future freedom fighters, such as Lala Hans Raj and Pandit Guru Dutt. After joining the Indian National Congress and taking part in political agitation in Punjab. During World War I, Lajpat Rai lived in the United States, where he founded the Indian Home Rule League of America (1917) in New York City. He returned to India in early 1920, and later that year he led a special session of the Congress Party that launched Mahatma Gandhi's non-cooperation movement. Imprisoned from 1921 to 1923, he was elected to the legislative assembly o­n his release.

In 1928, the United Kingdom set up the Simon Commission, headed by Sir John Simon to report o­n the political situation in India. When the Commission visited Lahore o­n 30 October 1928, Lajpat Rai led a nonviolent march in protest against it and gave a slogan "Simon Go Back".

The police superintendent in Lahore, James A. Scott, ordered the police to lathi charge the protesters and personally assaulted Rai. Despite being severely injured, Rai subsequently addressed the crowd and said "I declare that the blows struck at me today will be the last nails in the coffin of British rule in India". Rai did not fully recover from his injuries and died o­n November 17, 1928.  

Lala Lajpat Rai was a heavyweight veteran leader of Indian Nationalist Movement, Indian Independent Movement led by the Indian National Congress, Hindu Mahasabha, Hindu Reform Movements and Arya Samaj.

Rai's most Important writings include the Story of My Deportation (1908), Arya Samaj (1915), The United States of America: A Hindu's Impression (1916), England's Debt to India: A Historical Narrative of Britain's Fiscal Policy in India (1917), and Unhappy India (1928).

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